FANDOM


socialist international

type

federation

purpose

world wide federation of social democratic / democratic socialist parties

website

http://www.socialistinternational.org

president

George Papandreou

location

london uk

The Socialist International is a worldwide organization of social democratic, democratic socialist and labour political parties. It was formed in 1951.

[edit] HistoryEdit

The Second International, which was formed in 1889 and dissolved on the eve of World War I in 1914 and the Labour and Socialist International which dissolved itself in 1940 with the rise of nazism and the start of World War II, constituted some of the same parties that would later form the Socialist International. Among the Second International's most famous actions were its 1889 declaration of 1 May as International Workers Day and its 1910 declaration of 8 March as International Women's Day.

While the Second International was split by the outbreak of World War I, a skeleton form survived through the International Socialist Commission. The International re-formed in 1923 (as the Labour and Socialist International), and was reconstituted again, in its present form, after World War II (during which many social democratic and socialist parties had been suppressed in Nazi-occupied Europe).

During the post-World War II period, the SI aided social democratic parties in re-establishing themselves when dictatorship gave way to democracy in Portugal (1974) and Spain (1975). Until its 1976 Geneva Congress, the Socialist International had few members outside Europe and no formal involvement with Latin America[1]. In the 1980s, most SI parties gave their backing to the Nicaraguan Sandinistas (FSLN), whose left-wing government had incited enmity from the United States.

Since then, the SI has admitted as member-parties not only the FSLN but also the centre-left Puerto Rican Independence Party, as well as the ex-Communist parties such as the Italian Democrats of the Left (Democratici di Sinistra (DS)) and the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO).

The Party of European Socialists, a European political party active in the European Parliament, is an associated organisation of the Socialist International.

The current Secretary General of the Socialist International is Luis Ayala (Chile), who has held the post since 1989.

[edit] PresidentsEdit

  • Morgan Phillips 1951-1957
  • Alsing Andersen 1957-1962
  • Erich Ollenhauer 1963
  • Bruno Pittermann 1964-1976
  • Willy Brandt 1976-1992
  • Pierre Mauroy 1992-1999
  • António Guterres 1999-2005
  • George Papandreou 2006-present

[edit] Honorary PresidentsEdit

  • Pierre Mauroy
  • Ruben Berrios Martinez
  • Philippe Busquin
  • Alan García
  • Anita Gradin
  • Elazar Granot
  • Anker Jørgensen
  • Neil Kinnock
  • Enrique Silva Cimma
  • Mário Soares
  • Hans-Jochen Vogel

[edit] SummitsEdit

  1. Frankfurt 1951
  2. Milan 1952
  3. Stockholm 1953
  4. London 1955
  5. Vienna 1957
  6. Hamburg 1959
  7. Rome 1961
  8. Amsterdam 1963
  9. Brussels 1964
  10. Stockholm 1966
  11. Eastbourne 1969
  12. Vienna 1972
  13. Geneva 1976
  14. Vancouver 1978
  15. Madrid 1980
  16. Albufeira 1983
  17. Lima 1986
  18. Stockholm 1989
  19. Berlin 1992
  20. New York 1996
  21. Paris 1999
  22. São Paulo 2003
  23. Athens 2008

[edit] Member partiesEdit

Country Name Government Notes
Albania Social Democratic Party of Albania in opposition
Albania Socialist Party of Albania in opposition
Algeria Socialist Forces Front in opposition
Andorra Social Democratic Party in government
Angola Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola in government
Armenia Armenian Revolutionary Federation in opposition
Argentina Socialist Party in opposition
Argentina Radical Civic Union in opposition
Aruba People's Electoral Movement in opposition
Australia Australian Labor Party in government formed a minority government with support from Australian Greens and independents Rob Oakeshott and Tony Windsor
Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria senior party in coalition cabinet
Barbados Barbados Labour Party in opposition
Belgium Socialist Party Different in opposition
Belgium Socialist Party junior party in coalition cabinet
Benin Social Democratic Party in opposition part of the Alliance for Dynamism and Democracy
Bosnia and Herzegovina Alliance of Independent Social Democrats in government
Bosnia and Herzegovina Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina in government
Brazil Democratic Labour Party junior party in coalition cabinet
Bulgaria Party of Bulgarian Social Democrats in opposition part of Coalition for Bulgaria
Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party in opposition part of Coalition for Bulgaria
Burkina Faso Party for Democracy and Progress / Socialist Party in opposition
Cameroon Social Democratic Front in opposition
Canada New Democratic Party in opposition
Cape Verde African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde in government
Chile Socialist Party of Chile in opposition part of Concert of Parties for Democracy
Chile Social Democratic Radical Party in opposition part of Concert of Parties for Democracy
Chile Party for Democracy in opposition part of Concert of Parties for Democracy
Colombia Colombian Liberal Party in opposition
Côte d'Ivoire Ivorian Popular Front in government
Costa Rica National Liberation Party in government
Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia in opposition
Curaçao New Antilles Movement in opposition
Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy in opposition
Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party in opposition
Denmark Social Democrats in opposition
Dominican Republic Dominican Revolutionary Party in opposition
Ecuador Democratic Left in government part of the PAIS Alliance
Egypt National Democratic Party in government
Equatorial Guinea Convergence for Social Democracy in opposition
Estonia Social Democratic Party in opposition (formerly in government)
Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland in opposition
France Socialist Party in opposition
Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany in opposition
Ghana National Democratic Congress in government
Greece Panhellenic Socialist Movement in government
Guatemala National Unity of Hope in government
Guinea Rally of the Guinean People in opposition has no seats in parliament as it boycotted last elections
Haiti Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats in government (part of coalition)
Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party in opposition
Iceland Social Democratic Alliance senior party in coalition cabinet
Iraq Patriotic Union of Kurdistan junior party in coalition cabinet part of the Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan
Ireland Labour Party in opposition
Israel Israeli Labor Party junior party in coalition cabinet
Israel New Movement-Meretz in opposition
Italy Democrats of the Left in opposition part of the Democratic Party
Italy Italian Socialist Party in opposition has no seats in parliament
Jamaica People's National Party in opposition
Japan Social Democratic Party in opposition
Lebanon Progressive Socialist Party junior party in coalition cabinet part of the March 14 Alliance
Latvia Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party in opposition has no seats in parliament
Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania in opposition
Luxembourg Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party junior party in coalition cabinet
Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia in opposition
Malaysia Democratic Action Party in opposition part of the Pakatan Rakyat
Mali Alliance for Democracy in Mali in government part of the Alliance for Democracy and Progress
Mali Rally for Mali in opposition part of the Front for Democracy and the Republic
Malta Labour Party in opposition
Mauritania Rally of Democratic Forces in opposition
Mauritius Mauritian Militant Movement in opposition part of the MMM-MSM alliance
Mauritius Mauritian Labour Party in government part of the Alliance Sociale
Mexico Party of the Democratic Revolution in opposition part of the Coalition for the Good of All
Mexico Institutional Revolutionary Party in opposition part of the Alliance for Mexico
Moldova Democratic Party of Moldova in government part of Alliance for Democracy and Reforms
Mongolia Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party in government
Montenegro Social Democratic Party of Montenegro junior party in coalition cabinet part of Coalition for a European Montenegro
Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro senior party in coalition cabinet part of Coalition for a European Montenegro
Morocco Socialist Union of Popular Forces junior party in coalition cabinet
Mozambique FRELIMO in government
Namibia South West Africa People's Organisation in government
Nepal Nepali Congress senior party in coalition cabinet
Netherlands Labour Party in opposition
New Zealand New Zealand Labour Party in opposition
Nicaragua Sandinista National Liberation Front in government
Niger Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism in opposition
Northern Ireland Social Democratic and Labour Party junior party in coalition cabinet
Norway Norwegian Labour Party senior party in coalition cabinet
Pakistan Pakistan Peoples Party senior party in coalition cabinet
Panama Democratic Revolutionary Party in opposition
Paraguay Revolutionary Febrerista Party in government part of Patriotic Alliance for Change
Peru American Popular Revolutionary Alliance senior party in coalition cabinet
Poland Democratic Left Alliance in opposition
Poland Labour Union in opposition
Portugal Socialist Party in government
Puerto Rico Puerto Rican Independence Party Holds no seats in Puerto Rican Senate or House of Representatives
Romania Social Democratic Party in opposition
San Marino Party of Socialists and Democrats in opposition
Senegal Socialist Party of Senegal in opposition has no seats in parliament as it boycotted last elections
Serbia Democratic Party senior party in coalition cabinet part of For a European Serbia
Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy senior party in coalition cabinet
Slovenia Social Democrats senior party in coalition cabinet
Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party in government
South Africa African National Congress in government
Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party in opposition
Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland in coalition cabinet
Tunisia Constitutional Democratic Rally in government
Turkey Republican People's Party in opposition
United Kingdom Labour Party in opposition
United States Democratic Socialists of America N/A not an electoral party
Uruguay Socialist Party of Uruguay in government part of the Broad Front
Uruguay New Space in government part of the Broad Front
Venezuela Democratic Action in opposition
Venezuela Movement for Socialism in opposition
Zimbabwe Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai senior party in coalition cabinet

[edit] Consultative partiesEdit

  • Azerbaijan - Social Democratic Party
  • Belarus - Belarusian Social Democratic Party (People's Assembly)
  • Burundi - Front for Democracy in Burundi
  • Dominica - Dominica Labour Party-in government
  • Fiji - Fiji Labour Party
  • Gabon - Gabonese Progress Party
  • Guatemala - Social Democratic Convergence
  • Greenland - Forward-in opposition
  • Guyana - Working People's Alliance
  • Mali - Rally for Mali
  • Namibia - Congress of Democrats
  • Paraguay - Party for a Country of Solidarity
  • Philippines - Akbayan Citizens' Action Party
  • Philippines - Philippine Democratic Socialist Party
  • Russia - Union of Social Democrats
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis - Saint Kitts and Nevis Labour Party-in government
  • Saint Lucia - Saint Lucia Labour Party
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Unity Labour Party-in government
  • Timor-Leste - Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor
  • Togo - Democratic Convention of African Peoples
  • Tunisia - Democratic Forum for Labour and Freedom
  • Northern Cyprus - Republican Turkish Party (pending consultation)
  • Ukraine - Socialist Party of Ukraine
  • Ukraine - Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (merged with the Human Rights Party into the Ukrainian Social Democratic Party)
  • Venezuela - For Social Democracy (PODEMOS)

[edit] Observer partiesEdit

  • Botswana - Botswana National Front
  • Bulgaria - Bulgaria Social Democracy
  • Central African Republic - Patriotic Front for Progress
  • Colombia - Alternative Democratic Pole
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo - Union for Democracy and Social Progress
  • Haiti - Organisation of the People in Struggle
  • India - Janata Dal (Secular)
  • Iran - Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran
  • Jordan - Jordanian Democratic Party of the Left
  • Moldova - Social Democratic Party
  • Palestine - Fatah
  • Palestine - Palestinian National Initiative
  • Russia - Just Russia-support president Medvedev
  • Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic - Polisario Front-in government
  • Yemen - Yemeni Socialist Party

[edit] Fraternal organisationsEdit

  • International Falcon Movement - Socialist Education International
  • International Union of Socialist Youth
  • Socialist International Women

[edit] Associated organisationsEdit

  • International Federation of the Socialist and Democratic Press
  • International Labour Sports Confederation
  • International League of Religious Socialists
  • International Social Democratic Union for Education
  • International Jewish Labor Bund
  • National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (United States of America)
  • Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
  • Party of European Socialists
  • Social Democratic Group of the Latin American Parliament
  • World Labour Zionist Movement

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